an email with a Napoleonic scholar:
"I went back and looked over your historical info.
and it looks fine to me. I was actually pleased that
you mentioned that the Spanish committed atrocities against
the French as well in response for their actions. In your
discussion of "Great deeds against the dead"
I just wanted to mention that Spanish guerrillas and peasants
were also known to have frequently unearthed dead Frenchmen
and mutilated their corpses. My other comment concerns
your discussion in "the
Third of May." You mention the dissatisfaction
that many Spanish intellectuals had with Charles
and Ferdinand and you say that these two monarchs ruled
unsuccessfully. Actually one of the major problems
that the Spanish intellectuals had with their kings was
that they refused to give their subjects a constitution
(a major goal of liberals in the early 19th century).
In fact, after the Napoleonic Wars were over, Ferdinand
had promised to rule with a written constitution.
But when he went back on this promise (he was a real jerk)--this
sparked a liberal revolt in Spain in the 1820s which
was brutally suppressed." - K.G.
Also read about Goya's paintings The Third of May and The Second of May which are based upon events from the same war.