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The essential historical facts about Goya

Born in Fuendetodos, near Saragossa, Spain on March 30, 1746
Died April 15, 1828 in Bordeaux, France

Goya was a professional portrait painter (i.e., this is how he earned his living) who was also a "realist" painter who unintentionally presaged modern painting because of the subjects he chose (war, oppression, foibles of society) and the manner in which he depicted them, specifically without praising or glorifying institutions or famous persons.

He is often called the "father of modernism" especially for having painted "The 3rd of May" and for how he drew some of the black and white etchings that he did.

The newspaper the UK Guardian provided this "back story" about Goya in 2006 as:

"Francisco de Goya was a Spanish court painter who turned gradually from portraits of royalty and nobles to subversive depictions of everything from war and the inquisition to monsters and priests. Born in 1746, he slowly gained fame as a portrait artist, thanks to a series of Spanish monarchs who became patrons. He went deaf in 1792, apparently due to the poisons contained in his paints. Obsessed by the French Revolution and philosophy, he turned out a a series of troubling aquatint etchings known as Los Caprichos

He is credited with being one of the first artists to describe the full horrors of warfare. He continues to provoke passions today, with British artists Jake and Dinos Chapman shocking the art world in 2003 by defacing a series of his Disasters of War prints."

For a complete time-line of events in Goya's life, go to:

Biography Articles

The Black Paintings

Ways to cite this web site:

1. Based on MLA (Modern Language Association) Citation style:

Weems, Erik. "Goya Page Title." Francisco de Goya y Lucientes - Famed Spanish artist 1746 - 1828, 1 October 2008, 22 October 2016.

[For further examples of MLA citation styles, see the Purdue Owl Writing Lab Page]

2. Based upon the Chicago Manual of Style. For your footnotes or endnotes you may cite as:

1 Erik E. Weems, ed., Francisco de Goya Website, 5 April 2006,, <>, Timeline of Goya's Life.

[Note: change the date above which is in bold letters with the date you used this website. Substitute the page titled, "Timeline of Goya's Life " with the page that you are noting in your schoolwork.]

Additional citations should be in the form of this example:

2 Weems, Introduction to Goya [or use the appropriate author and title]

3 Ibid., Review of Images of Women Exhibit [ or use the appropriate author and title]

Goya Timeline

A three-page timeline of events in the life of Goya is online here.

Museums in which there are at least five Goya paintings for viewing:


Museum of Fine Arts

Fogg Art Museum

Art Institute of Chicago

Meadows Museum

Frick Collection
Hispanic Society of America
Metropolitan Museum of Art

National Gallery of Art


Bayonne Musée Bonnat
Paris Musée du Louvre
Lille Musée des Beaux Arts

Berlin Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulterbesitz
Hamburg Kunsthalle
Munich Alte Pinkothek

Rotterdam Museum Boymans-van Beuningen

Biblioteca Nacional; Calcografia Nacional; Fundacion lazaro Galdiano; Museo del Prado; Palacio Real; Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando; Real Academia de la Historia; San Antonio de la Florida
Museo provincial de Bellas Artes
Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar; Charterhouse of Aula Dei; Museo Provincial de Belles Artes

Stockholm Nationalmuseum

Sammlung Oskar Reinhart "Am Romerholz"

British Museum; National Gallery

Los Caprichos Goya - Amazon

GOYA : Los Caprichos - Dover Edition - Amazon

Goya Book - Robert Hughes - 2006


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